The effect of Boko Haram insurgency in Borno State is one of the major problems confronting the state. The insurgent has sacked almost all the Local Government Council of Borno State and forced the people to run to Maiduguri, the capital city of the State, to seek r efuge. Maiduguri has become densely populated as a result of the influx of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) which gave rise to proliferation of street begging in the state capital. Although, before the activities of the insurgency, it has been argued that street begging is common in the far Northern States of Nigeria, Maiduguri inclusive. The main objective of the study is to examine the effect of Boko Haram insurgency in Borno state on a study of street begging. The specific objectives are to examine the causes of Mass Street begging, and identify the people that constitute the begging class and its consequences in Maiduguri. The study adopted political economy perspectives as the theoretical framework for analysis. The political economy perspectives consider the notion of Boko Haram upon the premises of the social relation of production.