Assessing Accuracy Methods of Species Distribution Models: AUC, Specificity, Sensitivity and the True Skill Statistic
AUC, sensitivity, specificity, TSS, bioclimatic model, correlative model
We aimed to assess different methods for evaluating performance accuracy in species distribution models based on the application of five types of bioclimatic models under three threshold selections to predict the distributions of eight different species in Australia treated as an independent area Five discriminatory correlative species distribution models SDMs were used to predict the species distributions of eight different plants A global training data set excluding the Australian locations was used for model fitting Four accuracy measurement methods were compared under three threshold selections of i maximum sensitivity specificity ii sensitivity specificity and iii predicted probability of 0 5 default Results showed that the choice of modeling methods had an impact on potential distribution predictions for an independent area Examination of the four accuracy methods underexamined threshold selections demonstrated that TSS is a more realistic and practical method in comparison with AUC Sensitivity and Specificity Accurate projection of the distribution of a species is extremely complex As models provided slight variances in projections of the same group of species it may be more expedient to use TSS as an intuitive method for measuring the performances of the SDMs in comparison to AUC Sensitivity and Specificity
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