This study has made an immense attempt to make. out various socio-cultural factors that underlie behind the migration of people from Sodo Zuria district to Sodo town.it has presented wide-range of sociological and cultural variables that prompted the movement of people to the town. A cross sectional design was used. The quantitative data was collected through questionnaire from 384 migrants. Besides, qualitative data was collected by using four focus group discussions (each contains six members) and nine key informant interviews. Both primary and secondary data were used to collect the data needed for this study. The descriptive statistics like percentages and frequency distributions were used to analyze quantitative data while qualitative data were presented by using narrative analysis. The major findings of this study revealed that ruralurban migration has been contributed by different pushing and pulling factors of socio-cultural and economic factors. The community’s culture, strong social contacts, the flow of inflated information, desire for personal freedom and independence life; problem of accessing food and hunger were the mainly identified socio-cultural factors that greatly influenced the decision of people to leave the rural area.